MLD Law And Business Blog

By Mark, Leanne and Dean

  • Online gambling is legal for both participants and operators in many countries worldwide. These include Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Spain, Sweden, Malta, Ireland, Hong Kong and more.

    In the USA the law surrounding online gambling is more complex. Contrary to popular belief, there is no federal law preventing people from betting online. In some individual states there may be laws preventing players from betting online, however historically there are few examples of these being enforced.

    Federal law doesn’t target the player, it targets the bookmaker. So it’s against Federal law to accept sports bets over the internet.

    The banks are also targeted, and again federal law prevents them from handling any gambling related transaction.

    As you may be aware, there are moves in place on an individual state level to legalize online gambling. This action is being lead by the state of New Jersey and currently a number of online casinos have applied for permits to provide online poker, casino games and other online betting services to New Jersey residents.

    Once New Jersey has set a precedent it is not unreasonable to expect other states to follow suit. Therefore we could be seeing the start of online betting becoming legal and widespread throughout the USA.

    In the meantime, players only need to be aware that placing bets online is not illegal – the only risk is being taken by the bookmakers or casinos that accept those bets.

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  • As part of our series of articles about the legality of online gambling, both in the USA, Europe and Worldwide, we’d like to start off with this video which features an interview with Professor Nelson Rose. In part 1, Rose talks about the history of gambling, and gives some information about gambling law in the US in general.

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  • More and more people these days are turning to online dating sites as a way of meeting eligible singles. With busy modern lifestyles and increased time demands, it seems we simply don’t have the opportunity to go out and meet people in the traditional way any more. The internet, as ever, seems to be the solution.

    The big online dating sites have been in business since 2002 – that’s over a decade, which in the internet age is a long time. And the reason they are still around? Because they are very profitable, that’s why.

    And just like any niche, with profit comes competition. The online dating world is far from a monopoly. There are over a dozen major dating sites all vying for a share of the user base. In fact there are even sites that review those top dating sites to show people which are best, or most suitable for their own needs.

    There also seem to be niches within a niche in the cyber dating world. There are sites that specifically cater for single parents, people looking for Chinese, Russian or Ukrainian women, mature singles – you name it!

    So if you’re looking for a profitable market for your new website business, perhaps you can carve yourself a share of the internet dating cash cow.

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  • For many years, article marketing has proven itself as an effective marketing tool for countless businesses who seek to gain increased exposure for their blog or website. The Internet is filled with thousands of articles every day, about all subjects under the sun, and there’s good reason for that. Internet hobbyists, webmasters and Internet marketers all use this type of marketing to effectively attract paying customers to their businesses. However, it’s not a one time set up, but requires you to put in consistent efforts and be patient. It is a common belief that more visitors automatically come because of more articles that you have published. To convert well, these articles must be written well and crafted with your marketing goal as the focus.

    No article will draw traffic if it isn’t tailored to the wants and needs of your niche audience. These two elements are required along with the regular writing and publishing of quality articles geared toward your niche. To help you get your article marketing underway, some of the most effective article marketing tips are discussed here.

    When publishing their articles, many marketers choose only to appproach article directories. In the process of building traffic to their site, they are neglecting to strengthen the content of their own website. For this reason, you should make a practice of using only well-written, accurate articles on your website. By doing this, your readers will trust you and your long-term credibility will never be in question. You want people to come to your site with questions on subjects in which you’ve established yourself as an authority. Not only that, when your site contains a wide variety of articles that include a number of keywords, you’ll be sure to get increased search-engine traffic to your site. When search engines rank websites, they take into account the linking of articles on your site, so it’s important to interlink associated articles. In addition to this, you must regularly add fresh content to your site so that it will be consistently updated.

    Another often overlooked strategy for even more exposure is to interlink articles. This is easy to accomplish if you include your links for other articles in the one that you already have for posting. In doing so, you will solely augment the article’s content and help your readers; this is why the majority of ezine publishers and webmasters disregard it. Don’t just blatantly self promote, make sure the articles you’re linking to offer help in a different way. It may seem that you are indeed trying to sell yourself, but if properly handled, you can get additional exposure from the increased visitor traffic between articles. You can also divide articles into different parts and cross reference them, just use your creativity and you’ll have many ideas.

    All in all, the whole article marketing process depends on how you take it. If you continue to produce high-quality articles that are published on a regular basis, your target market will respond well and you’ll be pleased with the results. If you craft your articles carefully, you can create a consistent flow of traffic to your site using the tips covered in this article. Quality articles will continue to send you qualified visitors; carefully crafting your articles and ensuring quality are the keys to success in marketing.

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  • William Hill, the United Kingdom’s largest bookmaker, announced today that William Hill PLC and a number of its senior managers were unanimously granted non-restricted gaming licences by the Nevada Gaming Commission at a meeting held in Las Vegas on Thursday. A non-restricted licence is the highest tier of license in Nevada.

    The granting of the licences to the FTSE-listed group breaks new ground in the history of the 78-year-old organization, which becomes the first British bookmaker to be licensed for sports wagering in the USA.

    William Hill will now complete the acquisition of three land-based sports betting businesses that operate in Nevada and Delaware. In the spring of 2011, William Hill entered into binding agreements to acquire American Wagering, Inc., Brandywine Bookmaking LLC (Brandywine) and the Club Cal Neva Satellite Race and Sports book Division (Cal Neva) for approximately $49m. Completion of these acquisitions, which was conditional upon William Hill being licensed by the Nevada Gaming Commission, is expected to take place before the end of the month, with integration occurring during the summer.

    Ralph Topping, Chief Executive of William Hill, said: “We are delighted to have been awarded a license by the Nevada Gaming Commission. A Nevada gaming licence is recognized around the world as a significant regulatory seal of approval and we are proud to have earned it. We are now able to bring together these three businesses to create a leading position in the US sports betting market, combining our brand and product range with AWI, Brandywine and Cal Neva’s extensive footprint, strong local relationships and trusted service. We look forward to working with our new colleagues to grow a leadership position in the U.S. gaming industry.”

    The newly-formed board of William Hill U.S. will see Vic Salerno of American Wagering appointed as Chairman. Brandywine Bookmaking’s Joe Asher takes the role as Chief Executive Officer of William Hill US, with Club Cal Neva’s Jeff Siri becoming Chief Operating Officer.

    About William Hill PLC

    William Hill, The Home of Betting, is one of the world’s leading betting and gaming companies, employing around 16,000 people. Founded in 1934, it is now the UK’s largest bookmaker with over 2,370 licensed betting offices that provide betting opportunities on a wide range of sporting and non-sporting events, gaming on machines and numbers-based products including lotteries. William Hill Online Bookmaker is one of Europe’s leading online betting and gaming businesses, providing customers with the opportunity to access William Hill’s products online, through their mobile, by telephone and by text services. William Hill PLC is listed on the London Stock Exchange and generates revenues of over £1.1bn a year.

    About AWI, Brandywine and Cal Neva

    AWI is the longest-standing sports book operator in the State of Nevada, having been established through the Leroy’s brand in 1978. Its proprietary technology platform is currently licensed by major casino operators in Nevada. William Hill is acquiring AWI for $0.90 per share.

    Brandywine, which is privately owned, operates 17 sports books across Nevada. It is also the exclusive risk manager for the Delaware Sports Lottery, which it operates in partnership with Scientific Games, and for the Marriott in St. Kitts in partnership with Sportech.

    The Cal Neva Sports Book Division is part of the Sierra Development Company, a privately owned casino and hotel business. Established in 1989, it operates 31 sports books in Nevada.

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  • Whilst many people are interested in forex trading, they are also very hesitant about entering the field. Maybe the rules of the market seem a bit difficult to unravel. Spending money can be dangerous, so caution is always good to take. Before you make a major investment in the market, you should learn as much as possible about your options. Keep up with the most current information. The following tips will help you get started.

    Prior to establishing a position, you must ensure you have properly analyzed the indicators to determine that the true top and true bottom have been established. This is not a recommended trading strategy for beginners, but if you insist on using it, being patient will increase the odds of making money.

    Share your trading techniques with other traders, but be sure to follow your own judgments for Forex trading. Listen to others’ opinions, but make your own decisions on your investments.

    Create a plan. If you do not plan out what you want to do, you will not be successful. If you create a well devised plan, you will less likely be tempted to trade on emotions.

    You should pay attention to the larger time frames above the one-hour chart. As a result of advances in technology and communication, charts exist which can track Forex trading activity in quarter-hour periods, as well. However, these small intervals fluctuate a lot. Try and trade in longer cycles for a safer method.

    You must learn as much as you can before you begin to trade in forex. It’s a big step, so you might be a little hesitant. No matter what level of experience your trading is at, make sure to use the advice given to you here. Stay on top of current forex techniques and news by learning all you can. Use solid money management techniques. Pick wise investments!

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  • It seems that the US senate can’t make up their minds on whether to legalize online gambling or not, so instead it will be legalized on a state-by-state basis within the next year or so, according to a recent US News report.

    For some time there has been serious lobbying from groups in favour of legalizing online gaming in the US, which would bring the superpower in line with the rest of the world. However, there are still some traditionalists within congress who are opposed to the idea and will do whatever it takes to block such a move.

    However, the individual states are expected to recognize the huge potential for revenue and commercial growth offered by online gaming, and many will approve moves to make it legal. New Jersey hope to be the first.

    I’ve written before about the irony in a country that boasts Atlantic City and Las Vegas, but can’t allow people to place a bet on sports from their own home. Soon it looks as though this curious contradiction will be a thing of the past.

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  • Although there are usually quite a number of commercial real estate opportunities available at any given time, they are not as readily accessible as residential properties. This market requires a different set of skills in order to be successful, and with the following tips, you will be able to navigate it properly.

    One of the key things to consider when working with commercial loans instead of those from the residential market is that you should expect to pay a higher percentage of money down on the property. Look for lenders who have the best rates and keep your personal credit and your business line of credit in good standing for the best chances of qualifying for a loan. Also, make sure to keep your ear open for the best investments.

    Before initiating a purchase, be sure that you are negotiating with a customer-focused company. Otherwise, you may end up paying a lot in the long run for a mistake that could have easily been avoided.

    Try to keep your properties occupied. Vacancies cost you money, because you have to pay for maintenance and upkeep without drawing income from them. If you have more than one property without someone in it, think about why that is, and fix any problems that might be occurring.

    Before you start out on your search for the perfect commercial property, you should be fully attuned to the specifics of your business needs. You should have a good idea of the kind of space you will need. If you intend to have company growth, it might prove wise to purchase more square footage than you initially need, as doing so in a low market can yield savings later.

    If you are looking into a commercial property, always consider any investments where you can purchase a larger piece of property rather than a smaller one. Although you may feel overwhelmed by the number of units you will be responsible for in a large building, it actually doesn’t take more work to take care of large buildings successfully. Plus, larger buildings are cheaper in the long run–you pay less for each unit if the building has more units.

    You will need to know what you are looking for in a commercial property prior to beginning your search. You should list the most important things that you are looking for, such as space, restrooms, conference rooms, etc.

    Remember that locating which commercial property you wish to buy is really only half of your battle. Dealing with commercial property takes knowledge and action; therefore, it is very important to learn all you can prior to seeking out your property.

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  • georgia map


    The Georgia court system has five classes of trial-level courts: the magistrate, probate, juvenile, state, and superior courts. In addition, there are approximately 350 municipal courts operating locally. There are two appellate-level courts: the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals.

    If you study at the University Of Georgia Law School, please feel free to leave a comment on this article if you feel that any updates, amendments or corrections are appropriate..

    Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction

    Magistrate Court

    Magistrate courts are county courts that issue warrants, hear minor criminal offenses and civil claims involving amounts of $15,000 or less. A chief magistrate is either elected or appointed in each county as determined by local legislation; other magistrates may be appointed by the chief magistrate.

    Magistrate court is the court of first resort for many civil disputes including: county ordinance violations, dispossessories, landlord/tenant cases, and bad checks. In criminal matters magistrates hold preliminary hearings; issue search warrants to law enforcement and also warrants for the arrest of a particular person. In some criminal matters magistrates are authorized to set bail for defendants.
    No jury trials are held in magistrate court; civil cases are often argued by the parties themselves, rather than by attorneys.

    Probate Court

    Original jurisdiction in the probate of wills and administration of decedents’ estates is designated to the probate court of each county. Probate judges are also authorized to order involuntary hospitalization of an incapacitated adult or other individual and to appoint a legal guardian to handle the affairs of certain specified individuals. Probate courts issue marriage licenses and licenses to carry firearms.

    In counties where no state court exists, probate judges may hear traffic violations, certain misdemeanors, and citations involving the state game and fish laws. Many probate judges are authorized to serve as the county elections supervisor; they also administer oaths of office and make appointments to certain local public offices. In counties where the total population exceeds 96,000, the probate judge must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for seven years.

    Juvenile Court

    Juvenile courts handle all cases involving deprived and neglected children under 18 years of age; delinquent and unruly offenses committed by children under 17 years of age; and traffic violations committed by juveniles. The juvenile courts also hear cases involving consent to marriage for minors, enlistment of minors in the military, and procedures for return of a runaway child resident who is taken into custody in another state.

    Juvenile courts have concurrent jurisdiction with superior courts in child custody and child support matters arising from divorces cases, and in proceedings to terminate parental rights. Original jurisdiction over juveniles who commit certain serious violent felonies resides in the superior courts. Juvenile court judges are appointed by agreement of the superior court judges of the circuit to four-year terms of office.

    State Court

    State courts exercise limited jurisdiction within one county. These judges hear misdemeanors including traffic violations, issue search and arrest warrants, hold preliminary hearings in criminal cases and try civil matters not reserved exclusively for the superior courts. A state court is established by local legislation introduced in the General Assembly.

    State court judges are elected to four-year terms in county-wide nonpartisan elections. Vacancies in state court may be filled by appointment of the Governor.
    Municipal Court

    Cities and towns in Georgia establish municipal courts to handle traffic offenses, local ordinance violations, conduct preliminary hearings, issue warrants, and in some instances hear misdemeanor shoplifting and possession of marijuana cases. Municipal court judges are often appointed by the mayor, some are elected. There are more than 350 municipal courts operating in Georgia.

    Superior Court

    The superior court exercises both civil and criminal jurisdiction. Superior court judges preside over all felony trials, have exclusive jurisdiction over divorces and may correct errors made by limited jurisdiction courts. The forty-nine superior court circuits in Georgia are made up of one or more counties; each circuit has a chief superior court judge and a number of other judges as authorized by the General Assembly.

    Superior court judges are constitutional officers who are elected to four-year terms in circuit-wide nonpartisan elections. Vacancies that occur in superior court may be filled by appointment of the Governor. A candidate for superior court judge must be at least 30 years of age, a lawyer who has practiced for seven years, and a resident of the state for three years.

    Jury Service

    Jury trials are a hallmark of the American legal system. Each day around the state, our trial courts require hundreds of ordinary citizens to report to the courthouse for jury duty. Both a right and responsibility, service as a juror places the individual citizen in a central role in the justice system.

    Courts of Review

    Court of Appeals of Georgia

    The Court of Appeals is the court of first review for many civil and criminal cases heard by the trial courts. The purpose of such a review is to correct legal errors or errors of law made at the trial level, not to alter jury verdicts or the outcome of bench trials.

    The Court of Appeals has twelve judges who are assigned to one of four panels made up of three judges each. Once a case is assigned to a panel, the judges review the trial transcript, relevant portions of the record, and briefs submitted by the attorneys for the parties. Panels also hear oral arguments in a small number of cases.

    Panel decisions are final unless one judge dissents. If necessary, a case may be reviewed by a larger number of judges of the Court of Appeals for decision.

    Supreme Court of Georgia

    The Supreme Court, the state’s highest court, reviews decisions made in civil and criminal cases by a trial court judge or by the Court of Appeals. This court also rules on questions involving the constitutionality of state statutes and all criminal cases involving a sentence of death. No trials are held at the appellate level, nor do the parties appear before the court. If attorneys present oral arguments, these are heard by the entire court.

    Each case accepted for review by the Supreme Court is assigned to one of the seven justices for preparation of a preliminary opinion (decision) for circulation to all other justices. The justices review trial transcripts, case records and the accompanying legal briefs prepared by attorneys. An opinion is adopted or rejected by the Court after thorough discussion by all the justices in conference.

    The Chief Justice and the Presiding Justice serve as officers of the court for two-year terms. The Chief Justice presides at official sessions of the Supreme Court and conferences of the justices. The Supreme Court is assigned oversight of the legal profession and the judiciary as well as other designated duties.
    Court Funding

    At the appellate level, salaries and operating expenses are paid from state revenues. Funding for the superior and juvenile courts is shared by state and county funding sources. Limited jurisdiction courts are funded solely by city or county governments.

    At the Courthouse

    Our courts have authority over specific types of cases as set forth in the Constitution of the State of Georgia. Limited jurisdiction courts — municipal, magistrate, probate, juvenile and state — hear traffic and criminal misdemeanor cases and civil cases involving lesser amounts of money. Superior court jurisdiction is more extensive including felony offenses, divorce cases and civil matters involving corporations etc. The appellate courts review records of cases tried in limited and general jurisdiction courts to determine if procedural errors or errors of law that could have altered the outcome of the case were made at trial.

    Most citizens who come to court are involved in matters that are settled in limited jurisdiction courts. Only a small percentage of cases disposed by the trial courts are appealed to a higher court.Managing today’s court operations requires the expertise of many professionals other than judges. Court administrators, court clerks, prosecutors, jury managers, and court reporters are only a few of the staff members who are essential to keeping our trial and appellate courts working smoothly. Issues and decisions regarding automation technology, courthouse design and security, preservation and safekeeping of records make the business of court administrators and other courthouse personnel both complex and indispensable.

    Serving the Courts

    The Judicial Council/Administrative Office of the Courts was established in 1973 to provide support services to the courts of Georgia. The agency oversees the annual workload assessment study for the superior courts, procures grants for local drug courts and other pilot projects, sponsors court technology and automation efforts, coordinates activities of court councils, and produces publications such as the Georgia Courts Journal and the annual Georgia Courts Directory. In addition the AOC serves as the fiscal officer for a variety of judicial branch commissions and councils.

    As an administrative arm of the Supreme Court of Georgia, the AOC operates under the guidance of the Judicial Council, a policy-making body chaired by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia. Membership of the Judicial Council consists of twenty-four judges representing the appellate and trial courts of the state. The Council meets at least three times each year to consider judgeships, budgetary matters, and other judicial branch programs.

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